Curtis hello class,

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response#1
Curtis Hello Class,
Describe the motives, major events, characteristics, and consequences of the American Civil War. How did American culture and society determine the characteristics of the war? How did the war change American culture, society, and military?
The Civil war was fought for many meaningful reasons which started from the war of 1812. According to the book “The Louisiana Purchase was a territory that the United States Purchased from The French first Republic in 1803. This deal was made for the same price as New Mexico and Texas for the amount of 15 million dollars” (Moten, 2012). The new gained land stirred up tensions between northerners and southerners with what to do with the newly purchased land in the United States. According to the book “The Civil War was believed to be fought over African slaves that were brought to America to work. A large part of The South during that time benefitted on slaves and actually depended on them daily”(Millett, 2012). Slavery was one of the main causes for the war. Slaves were humans that were the legal property of another and is forced to obey them. They were forced to work on plantations all day with no money and terrible living conditions. Also they were not considered human like everyone else. They were not allowed to read and write so they weren`t able to learn like everyone else. Sometimes slaves had little to no food at all. Most of the time they were also abused and mistreated on several levels. Beating them and buck breaking them was believed to be the best way to keep them in check. If they were caught escaping were chased down by dogs beaten and branded for leaving. However the slave owners needed them to help grow their crops and clean or cook for them. They actually became part of life and culture for people in the South at that time. The union states wanted to abolish slavery because they felt it was wrong and unjust while southern states wanted to keep slavery for production and way of life. Both used the freedom of slavery but the union states wanted to abolish it entirely while the southern states only wanted to give freedom to those who fight for them in the war. “The Underground Railroad wasn`t just used for traveling slaves to be free it also was a way to recruit slaves to the union cause. Weapons supplies and men were critical to the mission so the union states were losing at first because the south knew the terrain of their lands and it was difficult to win against them”(Millett, 2012). The weapons of this time was mostly the same but it hurt a lot more because it was about pride and freedom for some and a way of life for others. The war definitely changed everything including the way of life for the United States. The United States began leaning towards more industrialized companies like factories and things of that nature. African Americans were free as a result of the civil war so now they are starting to mix in with the rest of society until the official start of segregation. The military will include Blacks in their ranks and special groups like the Tuskegee Airmen would rise in future wars to come. References
Allan R. Millett, Peter Maslowski, and William K. Feis For the Common Defense: A Military History of the United States from 1607 to 2012, 3rd edition
response#2 Bryan
The African Americans after the Civil War were indeed free but did not have easier lives. “Racial prejudice among southern whites and many army personnel assured difficult times for African Americans in the postwar world”. (Moten, p.127) There was a division between the whites and blacks, and though they were free they were not considered equal in the South or North. “Although pledged to black freedom, the North had not adopted a third war aim of equality, and between freedom and equality lay a vast middle ground”. (Millett, p.282) As said by the black abolitionist Frederick Douglass “Once let the black man get upon his person the brass letters, U.S.; let him get an eagle on his button and a musket on his shoulder and bullets in his pocket, and there is no power on earth which can deny that he has earned the right to citizenship in the United States”. (Millett, p.241) Though that statement is true, that is not how the African American community was treated till decades later. The South was mainly the culprit of mistreatment and wrong doings, but the North was no saint also. References
Millett, Allan Reed, and Peter Maslowski. For the Common Defense: A Military History of the United States of America from the Revolutionary War through Today. Free Press, 2012.
Moten, Matthew. Between War and Peace: How America Ends Its Wars. Free Press, 2012.

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